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Concussion Treatment

Concussion is a transient disturbance to brain function that is caused by a traumatic stimulus.

The trauma is commonly but not necessarily a blow to the head.

Patients often complain of headache, loss of memory, dizziness. It often manifests with poor co-ordination, loss of consciouness or teammates complaining of the inability to perform practiced team plays. Loss of consciousness does not necessarily correlate with the severity of a concussion.

If a player is to be left on the field after a concussive episode, it should be decided by someone who is experienced in treating concussion. If a person plays on with concussion they are at risk of second impact syndrome (life threatening), prolonging their symptoms and further injury such as a shoulder problem.

Players should be sent to a doctor or the hospital if there is any of the following

  • Prolonged symptoms
  • Severe headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of consciouness
  • Uncontrolled vomiting
  • Post concussive fit
  • Repetitive concussion
Recommendations:

  • Prior to annual competition there should be baseline testing
  • Post concussion they should
    • Not drive
    • Not drink alcohol
    • Be sent home with a responsible person preferably adult
  • When to return to play is best decided by a doctor experienced in treating concussion and may vary dependent upon symptoms
  • Mandatory exclusion periods are controversial


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